Artikel vom August 2013

Bolivien: Menschen und Tiere leiden unter heftigen Schneefällen

Aus dem Kindernothilfe-Büro in Cochabamba erreichte uns heute Morgen ein Bericht über die extremen Schneefälle in den beiden bolivianischen Anden-Departamentos Cochabamba und Potosí.

Bisher seien 15 Menschen und rund 7.500 Tiere – Schafe, Ziegen, Lamas, Alpacas und Vicuñas – ums Leben gekommen, für dieses Wochenende hätten die Meteorologen weitere starke Schneefälle angekündigt, berichtet unser Programmkoordinator Benedicto Rojas. Zahlreiche Dörfer sind völlig von der Außenwelt abgeschlossen. Die Versorgungslage der Menschen ist kritisch.

„Die meisten Kinder in den Hochanden-Dörfern leiden bei den eisigen Temperaturen vor allem darunter, dass die Hütten ihrer Familien nicht angemessen beheizt werden können“, schreibt Benedicto Rojas weiter. „Viele Kinder sind an Bronchitis und anderen Atemwegsproblemen, bis hin zu Lungenentzündungen, erkrankt. Dadurch, dass viele Dörfer nicht erreichbar sind, ist zurzeit auch kaum eine angemessene medizinische Versorgung möglich.“

Die Tiere der Dorfbewohner leisten normalerweise einen wichtigen Beitrag für die Ernährungssicherung der Familien leisten. „Dadurch, dass so viele in den Schneemassen verendet sind, wird es auch nach dem Ende dieser extremen Schnee- und Frostperiode massive Folgeprobleme geben, weil diese wichtige Nahrungs- und Erwerbsquelle fehlt“, fürchtet Benedicto Rojas.

Brasilien: Verheerende Überschwemmungen im Süden des Landes

Von unseren Kollegen aus dem KNH-Brasil SUL-Büro erhielten wir heute weitere Informationen zu der Naturkatastrophe. Aufgrund der heftigen Regenfälle in den vergangenen Tagen führen die Flüsse Hochwasser, insbesondere der Rio dos Sinos. Besonders betroffen sind die beiden nördlich von Porto Alegre gelegenen Städte Novo Hamburgo und Sao Leopoldo. In beiden Städten unterstützt die Kindernothilfe Projekte.

In Novo Hamburgo wurde der Ausnahmezustand ausgerufen. Die Schulen sind vorübergehend geschlossen. Die städtischen Wasserwerke haben die Trinkwasserversorgung eingestellt. Mit Unterstützung aus Sao Leopoldo wird die Notversorgung über Trinkwasserlastwagen gewährleistet. Die Versorgung der Krankenhäuser, Gesundheitsposten und Kindergärten ist gesichert. Die Bevölkerung wurde aufgerufen, den Wasserverbrauch auf das Notwendigste zu beschränken. Besonders betroffen sind die unmittelbar am Rio dos Sinos grenzenden Viertel von Canudos, Lombo Grande und Santo Afonso. In den genannten Vierteln leben viele Menschen unterhalb der Armutsgrenze, die sich vor allem mit dem Sammeln von recycelbarem Material ihren Lebensunterhalt verdienen. Die vom Wasser mitgerissenen Materialien erschweren die Rettungsaktionen per Boot, da sich immer wieder Gegenstände in den Außenbootmotoren verfangen.

Die von uns unterstützte Tagesstätte „Escola de Educação Infantil da Paz“ des Trägers ABEFI bestätigt, dass ca. 8.000 Menschen vorübergehend ihre Wohnungen verlassen mussten, um in den drei großen von der Stadt bereitgestellten Notunterkünften unterzukommen. Auch die Tagesstätte bietet Hilfsmaßnahmen an:

• Die Kleinkinder werden in den verschiedenen Gebäudekomplexen betreut, während sich die Eltern/Familien um Schadensbegrenzung kümmern
• Räumlichkeiten dienen als Notunterkünfte
• Verteilung von warmen Mahlzeiten
• Lagerraum für Spenden und Materialien, die von städtischem Hilfspersonal weiter verteilt werden.

Der Verantwortliche der Wasserwerke von Novo Hamburgo rechnet ab heute mit einem Rückgang des Hochwassers. Sobald die Hochwassergrenze von acht Metern unterschritten wird, kann die reguläre Trinkwasserversorgung wieder aufgenommen werden.

In Sao Leopoldo hat sich gestern ein Krisenstab konstituiert. Dort sind vor allem die Gemeinden Sao Geraldo, Independencia und Rio dos Sinos vom Hochwasser betroffen. Auch in Sao Leopoldo wurde der Schulbetrieb vorübergehend eingestellt mit der Option, ihn am Freitag wieder aufzunehmen. 500 Familien sind bisher von den Überschwemmungen direkt betroffen.

Über die drei von der Kindernothilfe unterstützten Projekte liegen uns bisher keine Informationen vor. Insgesamt hat es den Anschein, dass die örtlichen Verantwortlichen die Situation im Griff haben. Mit dem Rückgang des Hochwassers und der Rückkehr der Familien in ihr Zuhause werden weitere Unterstützungsmaßnahmen erforderlich werden.

Sobald wir weitere Informationen haben, werden wir sie hier veröffentlichen.

Post von einem ehemaligen Patenkind aus Kenia

„It is with great joy that I write to you to honor your organisation for extending a kind hand to me.  I am a Kenyan named Charles Masila and I graduated from high school last year (2012) from Starehe Boys‘ Centre & school where I was being sponsored by the Kindernothilfe of Germany.

I am 19 years old and I hail from the Eastern part of Kenya in Makueni county. My family consists of 3 kids, I, my twin brother and my younger sister. My mother is a single parent. She divorced with my father when I was three months old.

I undertook my primary education at Muangini Primary School (a public institution in Makueni county) where I was being supported by my grandmother. The primary level of education in Kenya runs for 8 years and after which in the year 2008, I sat for my Kenya Certificate of Primary Education Exam(KCPE), the national exam in primary education level in Kenya. In this exam, I scored 418 marks out of the possible 500 marks. I then gained enough marks which won me a slot in Starehe Boys‘ Centre & School as a disadvantaged student. This scenario therefore captured the need of a sponsorship to cater for my high school education fee.

I joined Starehe in the year 2009 and I was very delighted to be informed that I had been lucky to get a sponsor through my high school education and that was The Kindernothilfe of Germany. I made a personal resolution that I will never take this opportunity I was given to enable me to study in Starehe for granted. The need to give back to the society struck me almost immediately and I vowed to work hard in high school. After the four-year course, I sat for the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education and attained a mean grade of a plain A.

Currently I am a student-assistant in a Maiani Secondary School here in Makueni county,waiting to join university(post secondary education) next year.

My future plans are to obtain a degree in Medicine and Surgery from a recognised university. However, the cost of undertaking such a programme in Kenya is very expensive for a self sponsored student and hence I am saving a little money to enable me to undertake some Scholarstic Assessment Tests (SATs) to try if I can win a scholarship to study the degree of my dream in the USA. I am very optimistic that I will be lucky to win such a scholarship.

I highly value and appreciate your full support given to me to enable me to go through high school education. Once more thank you and may God bless you in your endevours.“

With much appreciation,
Charles Masila.

Child labor free zone declaration on the celebration of the National Children’s Day in the district of North Nias

CHILDREN CELEBRATE THE NATIONAL CHILDREN’S DAY IN NORTH NIAS

There were at least 500 children between the ages of 3 and 18 years who were involved in various activities implemented on the celebration of the National Children’s Day in the District of North Nias. The event involved students at kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school and senior high school levels as well as school dropouts attending training programs for the elimination of child labor.

They were involved in various programs implemented at the event such as Nias traditional dance performance, child theater, stop child labor song as well as education and vocational training promotion. In addition to children, the celebration of the National Children’s Day was attended by local government officials, communities and media. The Vice Head of the District of North Nias, Mr. Fangato Lase, also attended the event to officially open the event and release stop child labor baloons.

CHILD LABOR FREE ZONE DECLARATION

The celebration of the National Children’s Day is not merely a ceremony. There are a lot of things that could be learned from the event. It is a moment to evaluate/reflect our commitment to fulfill the rights of the child and a moment to get new ideas towards a much better child protection. In addition, it is a moment to give children an opportunity to express their opinions about the rights of the child that still cannot be fulfilled to relevant stakeholders and policy makers.

PKPA started a series of activities on the celebration of the National Children’s Day from Nias Island. There were two themes on the event: “Towards Child-Friendly District” and “Child Labor Free Zone”. It is urgent to campaign the two themes in Nias Island because the number of child abuse and child exploitation cases is very high in the island. Therefore, these issues need an immediate intervention from relevant parties. According to data from PKPA, there were 43 child abuse cases in 2012. Compared to the number of child abuse cases in 2011 which was only 18 cases, the number increased up to 127.8 percent.

It is also urgent to intervene child labor issues in Nias Island because some of types of works performed by children in Nias such as stone and sand mining on hills and in rivers are categorized as the worst forms of child labor. Data from TNP2K shows that more than 60 percent of total population of children in Nias Island are involved in works. It means that the number of children between the ages of 6 and 18 in Nias Island who work is higher than the number of those who do not work.

Declarator of Child Labour Free Zone

Main activities for the realization of Child Labor Free Zone in North Nias:

– North Nias Child Congress: The congress was held on 11-12 July 2013 and the participants recommended government to improve education for children, decrease the number of school dropouts, stop child abuse and stop child labor.

– Child Labor Free Zone Declaration: The signing of the declaration was represented by North Nias District Government, businessman, media, woman leader, religious leader, education institution, CSO and child. One of female child labors who had attended our vocational training, Febriani Tel (16 years), was chosen to represent other children to sign the Child Labor Free Zone Declaration. The following are contents of the Declaration:

WE SUPPORT THE GLOBAL COMMITMENT AND THE INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT POLICY TO TAKE AN IMMEDIATE ACTION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR AS  TIPULATED IN THE ILO CONVENTION NO. 182. WE, THEREFORE, GIVE THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS AND COMMITMENTS:

1. THE DISTRICT GOVERNMENT OF NORTH NIAS, COMMUNITY LEADERS, BUSINESSMEN, YOUTH LEADERS, WOMAN LEADERS AND CHILD REPRESENTATIVES AGREE TO SUPPORT NORTH NIAS TOWARDS CHILD LABOR FREE ZONE AND SUPPORT NORTH NIAS DISTRICT TO BECOME A CHILDFRIENDLY DISTRICT.

2. GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO IMMEDIATELY COLLECT ACCURATE DATA ON CHILD LABOR AND CHILDREN IN GENERAL IN THE DISTRICT OF NORTH NIAS.

3. THE DISTRICT GOVERNMENT OF NORTH NIAS, THROUGH DISTRICT ACTION COMMITTEE FOR THE ELIMINATION OF THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR, NEEDS TO IMMEDIATELY DEVELOP AN ACTION PLAN AND MAKE A LOCAL POLICY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOR.

4. STRENGTHEN INTERGOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATIONS FOR THE ACCELERATION OF THE ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOR AND DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE MODELS FOR THE ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOR.

5. PROMOTE CHILD PARTICIPATION AND INVOLVE CHILDREN IN ANY LOCAL POLICY AND DEVELOPMENT PLANNING, IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION PROCESS, ESPECIALLY THOSE RELATED TO CHILD ISSUES.

CHILD LABOR FILM LAUNCHING

As a part of the celebration of the National Children’s Day, PKPA also premiered a documentary film about a child labor who tries to free himself from the worst forms of child labor. The documentary film will be screened in all sub districts in the Districts of North Nias and West Nias. The film which entitles “OMASIDO SEKOLA” in Nias language (meaning: I want to go to school) was produced in cooperation between PKPA, ACTED, EU and KNH. Moral messages about child labor situation and impact as well as government’s response are conveyed in Nias language and Indonesian to help Nias people understand them.

Gunungsitoli, 24 July 2013

Misran Lubis